Looking Back on the History of Breast Reconstruction for BRA DayNovember 22, 2021
Breast reconstruction has evolved substantially in recent years. As we evaluate current options and advocate for the physical and emotional restoration that current procedures can offer, it’s important to know what preceded those advances. Drs. Ron Israeli and Randall Feingold joined BRCAStrong to provide enlightening context to today’s reconstructive landscape in a discussion on the history of mastectomy and breast reconstruction in a morning session on Breast Reconstruction Awareness Day (BRA Day). The conversation touched on the introduction of mastectomy, a time when doctors believed that breast reconstruction could bring back breast cancer, the introduction of partial mastectomy, and more.
Read on for a few highlights from the discussion or watch the full story here!
Mastectomy is a little over a hundred years old. Reconstruction is even younger.
“Before the late eighteen hundreds— late nineteenth century— there were no real options for treatment of breast cancer. The mastectomy operation wasn’t defined until the late eighteen hundreds,” Dr. Israeli said.
At the time when mastectomy was developed, breast reconstruction was underdeveloped and sometimes even discouraged.
Generations of surgeons believed that breast reconstruction could promote cancer recurrence.
“Halsted, who was famous for creating the radical mastectomy, which was very deforming, of course, actually admonished surgeons about doing reconstruction. His famous quote was that you shouldn’t do anything to repair the woman’s breast after surgery, lest it hasten the return of the breast cancer,” Dr. Feingold said.
Less invasive approaches to breast cancer treatment, like lumpectomy, did not emerge for almost a century.
“When you look at how mastectomy has changed over the years, you can’t overlook that partial mastectomy became popularized in the nineties as a way to preserve a breast,” Dr. Feingold said.
Nipple sparing procedures were only popularized about a decade ago. At the time, there were unknown risks that fortunately bore out well in studies as time progressed. These types of less-invasive procedures proved safe and effective in terms of breast cancer treatment.
Advances in mastectomy directly fostered advances in breast reconstruction.
“Lumpectomy is less invasive than mastectomy. Skin sparing or nipple sparing mastectomy approaches are less invasive than old approaches to mastectomy. We’re realizing that less invasive approaches still allow us to get good outcomes from a cancer perspective and certainly from a plastic surgery or a reconstructive perspective,” Dr. Israeli explained.
The interplay between mastectomy and reconstructive improvements has been vital to patient mental health and decision-making.
The doctors pointed out that a less invasive mastectomy is still an emotionally and physically trying procedure. When patients weigh whether to have a mastectomy or a lumpectomy, reconstruction is often a strong consideration.
“I think the quality that we can achieve today makes that decision easier,” Dr. Israeli said.
Mastectomy and reconstruction can reduce long-term treatment and surveillance, improving quality of life for patients.
“A single episode of care, and it’s done for the rest of your life. I can see how it achieves peace of mind for them,” Dr. Feingold said.
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